Mesenchymal stem cells are those capable of regeneration – they take cues from surrounding cells of certain, specific types (bone, cartilage, muscle, or other connective tissue) and develop into that similar type of cell. They are typically found in bone marrow. Mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent, which means that they can only develop into specific types of cells and not something completely different, such as a brain cell or a kidney cell.
The function of adult stem cells is to serve as repair cells in the body. They lie dormant in areas of the body such as the bone marrow and “wake up” when they receive signals that the body has suffered some type of injury – the signals come from inflammation. The cells move to the inflamed site in the body, release proteins to regulate the inflammation, release other proteins to stimulate new cell growth, and then begin to change into the same type of cell that was damaged to help with healing.
Unfortunately, the number of stem cells in human beings begins to decline shortly after birth. This reduction in stem cells is the reason why our body shows more wear and deterioration as we get older – the fewer stem cells lead to less effective healing. Our goal in using stem cell therapy is to take stem cells from one part of a person’s body where they exist in higher concentrations, such as in bone marrow, and inject them into an injured joint to potentially help reinforce the power of stem cell healing.
The stem cells we use may create healthy tissue to repair damaged tissue and potentially help the body heal itself. For example, these stem cells, when injected into an area with damaged bone, may develop into bone cells to aid the body in healing the damage. The goal of this minimally invasive procedure is to help patients heal faster and regain pain-free motion while avoiding surgery.
Pain presents itself in many different ways, at different times and in many cases is triggered by specific activities. We will be happy to answer your questions in conjunction with a personal phone call follow up with one of our doctors.
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